A mortgage lender has the option to pursue a deficiency judgment following a foreclosure. Many people have asked me how long does the mortgage lender have to decide whether or not to get a deficiency judgment. Otherwise stated, what is the statute of limitations applicable to deficiency judgments. I do not practice civil litigation and have no personal experience litigating mortgage deficiency proceedings. I referred the question to a professional colleague who is involved in real estate and lender litigation. He said that there is a four year statute of limitations on deficiency judgments. If so, a lender has up to four years after a foreclosure judgment to file an action for a deficiency judgment against the borrower. As a practical matter, most lenders decide whether or not to seek a deficiency shortly after the foreclosure is complete. It is possible, but unlikely, a borrower will face a deficiency action years after the foreclosure judgment.