Fraudulent Transfers | Case Law Update

Creditor Attorney Fees in Fraudulent Transfer Action

Judgment debtors often discover that a creditor’s judgment includes substantial amounts of money accrued or incurred after the court issued the judgment. These post-judgment charges can include attorneys fees awarded to the creditor’s attorney. Florida law authorizes a court to award attorneys fees where either a Florida statute provides for attorneys fees in certain legal…

Fraudulent Transfers

Fraudulent Transfers Can Diminish Homestead Protection

Existing Laws on Florida Homestead Protection and Fraudulent Conveyance It is well-settled Florida law that the purchase or improvement of a Florida homestead cannot be set aside as a fraudulent conveyance. The Florida Supreme Court in Havoco v. Hill said that a creditor cannot reverse a judgment debtor’s payments made toward a homestead property even…

Fraudulent Transfers

Fraudulent Transfers Remedy Under Proceedings Supplementary

Collection of money judgments is conducted through proceedings supplementary under Florida Statute 56.29. The proceedings supplementary statutes include procedures to remedy the debtor’s fraudulent transfers of personal property.  (56.29 (3). Fraudulent transfers are also addressed under a separate statute, Section 726.105. Section 726.110 imposes a four year statute of limitations on fraudulent transfer actions brought…

Bankruptcy | Fraudulent Transfers

Non-Debtor Spouse May Be Liable For Fraudulent Transfer To Entireties Account

I’ve warned many clients against making fraudulent transfers of money to their non-debtor spouse or to tenants by entireties with their spouse. A creditor may get a general money judgment against the non-debtor spouse for the value of assets transferred. The transfer to the spouse risks making the spouse a new defendant in the creditor’s…

Fraudulent Transfers

Is Transfer of Money To Foreign Bank Account A Fraudulent Transfer?

A client asked me if transferring money to an offshore bank account after a creditor filed a collection lawsuit is a fraudulent transfer. Not all actions to protect assets from known creditors fall withing the scope of the fraudulent transfer statues. To the point, moving the location of an asset is not the same as…

Fraudulent Transfers

Money Damages Against Recipient of Fraudulent Transfer

Florida law limits creditor remedies for fraudulent transfers. A court may reverse a transfer but it may not impose additional damages against a debtor simply because the debtor transferred property to avoid the judgment. The law does not prohibit damages against a transferee who is not the debtor. The recipient of a fraudulent conveyance is…

Fraudulent Transfers

Judgment Against Intermediary of Fraudulent Transfer

Florida law limits creditor remedies for fraudulent transfers. A court may reverse a transfer but it may not impose additional damages against a debtor simply because the debtor transferred property to avoid the judgment. The law does not prohibit damages against a transferee who is not the debtor. The recipient of a fraudulent conveyance is…

Fraudulent Transfers

Court Awards Punitive Damages For Fraudulent Transfers

Florida residents who conduct business in other states may find themselves subject to the courts and the laws of the foreign state. Specifically, a court in another state that issues a money judgment against a Florida resident who did business in that state can enforce fraudulent transfer laws and remedies in the foreign state. Many…

Fraudulent Transfers

Transfer Of Zero Value Stock Cannot Be Challenged As Fraudulent

Often, a debtor will own an interest in real estate or business corporation/LLC that has no present value, but which the debtor anticipates will some day be worth significant money. Examples are upside down real estate or a start up business. These assets may be transferred to protect the anticipated future value from creditors even…