Fraudulent Transfers Remedy Under Proceedings Supplementary

Collection of money judgments is conducted through proceedings supplementary under Florida Statute 56.29. The proceedings supplementary statutes include procedures to remedy the debtor’s fraudulent transfers of personal property.  (56.29 (3). Fraudulent transfers are also addressed under a separate statute, Section 726.105. Section 726.110 imposes a four year statute of limitations on fraudulent transfer actions brought …

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Head of Household Exemption Does Not Require Dependent Tax Designation

Florida law exempts from garnishment earning paid to a debtor who is head of household. Head of household means that the debtor provides most of the support for another person whom the debtor is legally obligated to support. Taxpayers claim as a tax dependent people whom they financially support. Usually, a head of household also …

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Florida Homestead Exemption Not Affected By Commercial Operation on Land

Technology has made it easier for people to operate a business at or next to their primary residence. Operating a commercial venture on the property where you reside raises issues about Florida’s homestead exemption from creditors. The issue is whether a Florida resident can operate a commercial business on his homestead property without forfeiting homestead …

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Moving To Florida With Community Property

I’ve seen recently several clients who are interested in moving to Florida from community property states including California and Arizona. I recently published a post about the status of a non-debtor spouse’s LLC interest that the couple acquired in Texas before moving to Florida. Other clients have asked about other types of community property assets …

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Bankruptcy Debtor Denied Exemption For Self-Directed IRA

A self-directed IRA is a personal IRA plan where the owner can invest IRA funds in assets other than marketable securities, such as real estate. There are companies that provide qualifying IRA plan documentation and who hold title to your customized IRA assets. The self-directed plan provisions require that the owner not use IRA money …

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Using a Foreign State’s Domestic Asset Protection Trust Law in Florida

Some states, not Florida, have statutes that encourage asset protection trusts. These states’ statutes provide that if a debtor establishes an irrevocable trusts for their own benefit the assets that the debtor conveys to his trust are protected from his creditors. The trustmaker must reside or have significant assets in the state where the trust …

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Banks Don’t Have to Help Customers Choose Correct Tenants By Entireties Account

There are many instances of people who incorrectly believed they had established exempt joint marital bank accounts and later found out that the accounts were not properly protected from creditors. Well-established Florida law exempts tenant by entireties accounts at financial institutions from the creditors of either spouse, but not from joint creditors. Some people make …

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Non-Debtor Spouse May Be Liable For Fraudulent Transfer To Entireties Account

I’ve warned many clients against making fraudulent transfers of money to their non-debtor spouse or to tenants by entireties with their spouse. A creditor may get a general money judgment against the non-debtor spouse for the value of assets transferred. The transfer to the spouse risks making the spouse a new defendant in the creditor’s …

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What Happens to Community Property Rights When You Become a Florida Resident?

A client, a married man, acquired and owned a LLC membership interest in his own name while living in Texas. He and his wife moved to Florida. A Texas court entered a money judgment against the wife only, and the creditor moved the judgment to Florida. Texas is a community property state; Florida is not …

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